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Types of sanded floor finishes



Have you finished your floor sanding only to be stuck on the various types of sanded floor finishes available in the market? Well, it can be a hard choice to make, one that's not made easy by the number of options available.

Currently there are nine different types of sanded floor finishes that you can choose from. Of these different types of sanded floor finishes some are more popular than the others but all enjoy a sizable chunk of the customer market each. The common factor that all these different types of sanded floor finishes have in common is the minimal maintenance they call for.

The various types of sanded floor finishes are distinguished as polyurethane and urethane finishes which allow you to choose from matte, gloss (high and semi-gloss) and satin.

Let's take a quick look at the nine different types of sanded floor finishes available today:

1. Water based urethanes: These are a blend of plasticizers, resins and other ingredients that all together give your floor a shiny finish that's resistant to moisture. They don't have an overpowering odor and take about two to three hours to dry.

2. Oil modified urethanes: These are the most popular finishes because of the ease with which they can be applied. They contain a base of petroleum along with plasticizers and synthetic resins, etc that also create a moisture-resistant coating. This coating takes about eight hours to dry out. The only disadvantage of this is that it yellows with age.

3. Moisture cured urethanes: These polyurethanes are solvent based just like oil modified urethanes and provide the most resistance to moisture. You can choose from both yellowing and non-yellowing types. The application of this finish requires professional expertise. The curing involves the absorption of atmospheric moisture resulting in a hardening of the coating.

4. Paste wax types of sanded floor finishes: These are the oldest favorites when it comes to giving your wooden floor a long lasting sheen. Paste wax types of sanded floor finishes also make your wooden floor more durable coating if applied over a stain that penetrates the wood. They offer you with a cheap alternative that's easy to apply and dries fast as well. 5. Penetrating types of sanded floor finishes: These solvent-based sealers can be used to both stain and steal your wooden floor. Oil sealers of this type contain linseed oil or tung which enhances their drying, increasing the sealer's hardness.

6. Swedish sealers: They're known as Swedish sealers or finishes as well as conversion varnish sealers. The former name is a reference to the country in which they originated. Swedish finishes are alcohol-based.

7. Varnish, Lacquer and Shellac types of sanded floor finishes: Varnish has reinvented itself to come up with vinyl-alkyd types but continues to find few users, with most preferring urethane finishes these days. Lacquer also has suffered a loss of popularity mainly due to its inflammability but also because of its incompatibility to a wooden floor. Natural shellac which consists of wax is also not a popular option today, though dewaxed it is still used as a floor sealer. That sums up the various types of sanded floor finishes that are available in the market.


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